Definition of "Research Data"
There is no single definition for the term "research data". The definition can vary by discipline or by regulatory agency. Generally, however, the term refers to data in any format or medium that relate to or support research, scholarship, or artistic activity.
Data can be classified as:
- Raw or primary data: Information recorded as notes, images, video footage, paper surveys, computer files, etc., pertaining to a specific research project
- Processed data: Analyses, descriptions, and conclusions prepared as reports or papers
- Published data: Information distributed to people beyond those involved in data acquisition and administration